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UNCTAD

Established in 1964, UNCTAD promotes the development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy. UNCTAD has progressively evolved into an authoritative knowledge-based institution whose work aims to help shape current policy debates and thinking on development, with a particular focus on ensuring that domestic policies and international action are mutually supportive in bringing about sustainable development.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
LEAST DEV CTRIES RPT 2020

The Least Developed Countries Report 2020

Productive Capacities for the New Decade

Series:
Least Developed Countries Report
18 Dec 2020
LDCs have so far been spared by the worst effects of the health emergency, yet the fallout from COVID-19 has taken its toll on their economies, threatening to roll back progress towards sustainable development, worsening entrenched inequalities, and possibly leading to long-term damage. The ongoi...
TRANS CORP V27 #2

Transnational Corporations Vol.27 No.2

Series:
Transnational Corporations
28 Oct 2020
Transnational Corporations is a longstanding policy-oriented refereed research journal on issues related to investment, multinational enterprises and development. It is an official journal of the United Nations, managed by UNCTAD. As such it has a global reach, a strong development policy imprint...
TRADE & DEV RPT 2020

Trade and Development Report 2020

From Global Pandemic to Prosperity for All - Avoiding Another Lost Decade

Series:
United Nations Trade and Development Report
28 Oct 2020
This report analyses the economic impact of the Covid-19 (coronavirus) global pandemic and possible responses that could be both effective and inclusive. It examines different recovery scenarios and, in particular, highlights the danger of a lost decade, addresses immediate difficulties facing de...
INTL ACC & REPORTING ISSUES 2019

International Accounting and Reporting Issues

2019 Review

Series:
International Accounting and Reporting Issues
31 Dec 2020
This publication presents findings of surveys of implementation of the Guidance on Core Indicators for Entity Reporting on Contribution towards Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (GCI) conducted on the Dow 30 companies in the USA and the 30 companies that form the index of the Eg...
ECONOMIC DEV IN AFRICA RPT 2020

Economic Development in Africa Report 2020

Tackling Illicit Financial Flows for Sustainable Development in Africa

Series:
Economic Development in Africa Report
1 Oct 2020
In the aftermath of COVID-19 (coronavirus), African countries will need to intensify their resource mobilization efforts to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The Economic Development in Africa Report 2020 adopts a multi-disciplinary methodology to tackle the relationship between il...
TRADE NEGOTIATIO ELECTRON COMMERCE

Trade Negotiations on Electronic Commerce

What is at Stake for Developing Countries?

14 May 2020
The launch of the plurilateral – as distinct of multilateral – negotiations on e-commerce under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO) by a group of countries is a significant trade policy development. Participation of a critical mass of diverse WTO members with markedly differing pol...
TRANS CORP V27 #1

Transnational Corporations Vol.27 No.1

Series:
Transnational Corporations
13 May 2020
Transnational Corporations is a longstanding policy-oriented refereed research journal on issues related to investment, multinational enterprises and development. It is an official journal of the United Nations, managed by UNCTAD. As such it has a global reach, a strong development policy imprint...
CHALLENG POLICY OPTION WAY FORWARD

Challenges, Policy Options, and the Way Forward

Economic Diversification in Selected Asian Landlocked Developing Countries (Bhutan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Turkmenistan)

16 Jun 2020
The study examines the trade and development challenges facing Asian Landlocked Developing Countries and their prospects for export diversification. It offers recommendations based on the case studies of the selected countries. The report argues that, despite complex trade and development challen...
ASSESSMENT EURASIAN ECON UNION

Assessment of the Eurasian Economic Union Competition Rules and Regulations

26 Oct 2020
The Competition Branch of the Eurasian Economic Commission (herein after referred as EEC) requested UNCTAD to undertake an assessment of their EAEU competition regulations based on the UNCTAD Model Law on Competition, UNCTAD previous research on competition law topics, as well as the relevant int...
KEY STAT & TRENDS IN TRADE POLICY

Key Statistics and Trends in Trade Policy 2019

Retaliatory Tariffs Between the United States and China

Series:
Key Statistics and Trends in Trade Policy
21 Aug 2020
This annual publication informs on recent trends in trade policy by providing up-to-date statistics on the use of various instruments of trade policy and how their use evolved in the medium term. It covers various policy factors affecting international trade including tariffs, preferential margin...
FIFTEEN YEAR WORLD SUMMIT INFO SOC

Fifteen Years Since the World Summit on the Information Society

14 Apr 2020
In 2005, the international community gathered in Tunis for the second and final session of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). That gathering concluded a process, begun in 1998, to build global understanding of the growing importance of information and communication technologies (...
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT & ADAPTATION

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Coastal Transport Infrastructure

A Compilation of Policies and Practices

Series:
Transport and Trade Facilitation Series
12 Jul 2020
This is a compilation of policies and practices that contribute to bridging a knowledge gap with regards to climate change impacts and adaptation for coastal transport infrastructure. It presents examples of legal and policy approaches, as well as of reports, studies and guidance to support clima...
NEGOTIA LIBERALIZAT TRADE AGRICULT

Negotiating Liberalization of Trade in Agriculture for Development

31 Jul 2020
Agriculture is both an important and sensitive sector in all countries. Negotiations on liberalizing trade in agriculture concern numerous issues and therefore are complex and particularly challenging for most developing countries and least developed countries. The purpose of this publication is ...
NEGOTIA LIBERALIZAT TRADE SERVICES

Negotiating Liberalization of Trade in Services for Development

30 Jul 2020
Services trade policies, in any country, determine the direction of policy reforms and the role which services trade should play in the broader context of growth and development strategies. Regulators, taking guidance from these policies, introduce the regulatory measures that serve the objective...
DESIGNING TRADE LIBERAL IN AFRICA

Designing Trade Liberalization in Africa

Modalities for Tariff Negotiations towards an African Continental Free Trade Area

28 Jul 2020
The negotiations for an African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) were unprecedented in the history of regional trade agreements. The AfCFTA would ultimately comprise 55 members, 33 of which are least developed countries (LDCs), and encompass six preexisting regional economic communities (RECs...
GENERALIZ SYSTEM PREFERENCE NORWAY

Generalized System of Preferences

Handbook on the Scheme of Norway

30 Jul 2020
The Norwegian Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) for import of goods from developing countries allows lower tariffs to be imposed on goods from developing countries. The purpose is to increase the export income of the developing countries as a contribution to economic and social development....
GUIDELINES COLLECT DATA NON-TARIFF

Guidelines to Collect Data on Official Non-tariff Measures, 2019 Version

3 Nov 2020
During the last few decades, multilateral and regional trade negotiations and unilateral liberalization have substantially reduced tariff rates. Non-tariff measures (NTMs), however, represent a growing challenge for exporters and policy makers. The ability to gain and to benefit from market acces...
HOW TO ENCODE NON-TARIFF MEASURES

How to Encode Non-tariff Measures in Regional Trade Agreements?

The case of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)

5 Nov 2020
Non-tariff measures (NTMs), such as sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and technical barriers to trade (TBT), are used as policy instruments to protect health, safety and the environment. However, they also increase production and trade costs. An important component of such costs is the hi...
EVALUATION RAPIDE L

Évaluation rapide de l'état de préparation du Mali au commerce électronique

31 Oct 2020
Malgré ses difficultés pour faire face aux défis qui ont mis à l’épreuve les capacités de l’État et de la population à sauvegarder l’unité nationale et la sécurité, le Mali n’est pas resté à l’écart des transformations induites par les technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC). S...
COMMOD AT A GLANCE - METAL & MINER

Commodities at a Glance

Special Issue on Strategic Battery Raw Materials

Series:
Commodities at a Glance
24 Oct 2020
The series "Commodities at a Glance" aims to collect, present and disseminate accurate and relevant statistical information linked to international primary commodity markets in a clear, concise and reader-friendly format. The report aims to provide information on the critical raw materials used i...
SCIENCE TECHNO & INNOVAT ETHIOPIA

Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Review of Ethiopia

4 Nov 2020
UNCTAD Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Reviews (STIP Reviews) are an analytical and policy learning process for country’s science, technology and innovation (STI) stakeholders to reach a clearer understanding of the key strengths and weaknesses of their innovation systems and identify s...
KEY STAT TREND INTL TRADE 2019

Key Statistics and Trends in International Trade 2019

International Trade Slump

Series:
Key Statistics and Trends in International Trade
15 Apr 2020
Key Statistics and Trends in International Trade is a yearly publication. It is a product of the Trade Analysis Branch, Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities (DITC), UNCTAD secretariat. This publication monitors the trends of international trade in goods and servi...
TOWARDS NEW TRADE POLICY CAMBODIA

Towards a New Trade Policy on Market Access for Cambodia

Identifying a Positive Agenda among Challenges and Opportunities

30 Oct 2020
The research study discusses the current and emerging trade challenges for Cambodia. In this context, the paper analyses the erosion and loss of preferential market access and rules of origin and discusses potential alternatives in light of emerging EU-ASEAN FTAs, RCEP and TPP11.
NATION GREEN EXPORT REV LEBANON

National Green Export Review of Lebanon: Natural Soap and Ecotourism

31 Oct 2020
This report presents the findings of the Lebanon National Green Export Review (NGER) conducted between 2016 and 2018 through a partnership between the Lebanese Government and UNCTAD. It analyses green production and export opportunities in the natural soap and ecotourism sectors and comprises nat...
NATUR RESOURC MANAG CLIMATE CHANGE

Natural Resource Management in the Context of Climate Change

16 Jul 2020
The management of natural resources is directly associated with climate change. On the one hand, most of the greenhouse gases released in the atmosphere originate from the production, transformation and use of natural resources such as coal, natural gas and oil. On the other hand, climate change ...
RAPID ETRADE READI ASSESS KIRIBATI

Kiribati Rapid eTrade Readiness Assessment

20 Dec 2019
The Kiribati Rapid eTrade Readiness Assessment focuses on examining seven key policy areas that are most relevant for e-commerce. Within each area, critical readiness gaps are identified and relevant recommendations are proposed to overcome barriers and bottlenecks to the growth of digital trade....