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UNEP

UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment. To accomplish this, UNEP works with a wide range of partners, including United Nations entities, international organizations, national governments, non-governmental organizations, the private sector and civil society.

United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations Environment Programme
MONTREAL PROTOC SUBST THAT DEPLETE

Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

Report of the Halon Fire Extinguishing Agents - Technical Options Committee

15 Nov 1996
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer requires periodic assessments of available scientific, environmental, technical and economic information. This publication is one in a series of Technical Options Committee reports and assesses the situation of halon fire extinguish...
MONTREAL PROTOC SUBST THAT DEPLETE

Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

Report of the Aerosols, Sterilants, Miscellaneous Uses and Carbon Tetrachloride - Technical Options Committee

15 Nov 1996
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer requires periodic assessments of available scientific, environmental, technical and economic information. This publication is one in a series of Technical Options Committee that assesses the situation of aerosols sterilants, miscell...
WORLD DESERTIFICATION BIBLIOGRAPHY

World Desertification Bibliography

11 Aug 1995
A joint project of UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) and OALS (University of Arizona's Office of Arid Land Studies), this bibliography contains 3,897 citations of relevant information on desertification control for decision-makers, planners, researchers and scientists. Researchers world...
ENERGY POLLUT ENVIRO & HEALTH

Energy, Pollution, Environment and Health

11 Aug 1995
Many of the major environmental problems of today, such as climate change, air pollution, acidification of lakes and forests, deforestation and desertification, share a common causal factor: energy - its production, transformation and final use. This report describes the health and environmental ...
CHEMICAL POLLUTION GLOBAL OVERV

Chemical Pollution

A Global Overview

11 Aug 1995
In recent years there has been increasing concern around the world over chemicals in the environment. This publication covers: pollution due to industrial chemicals, air pollution, acidification, pollution due to agricultural activities, eutrophication, oil pollution and solid waste disposal. For...
ACCESSING THE CANOPY ASSESSMENT

Accessing the Canopy

Assessment of Biological Diversity and Microclimate of the Tropical Forest Canopy - Phase I

3 Sep 1997
Tropical forest canopies are thought to contain the greatest species diversity on earth, however, little is known about them. This report summarizes the studies of a tropical forest canopy facilitated by the use of a construction tower crane. This crane has been permanently installed in a tropica...
POVERTY & THE ENVIRONMENT

Poverty and the Environment

Reconciling Short-term Needs with Long-term Sustainability Goals

25 Aug 1995
Few aspects of development are so complex as the need to reconcile anti-poverty and pro-environment goals. It is difficult to understand the interlinkages between poverty, environment, population growth and development. This publication brings environmental perspectives to bear on the quandaries ...
ROLE SCIENCE IN URUGUAY ROUND

Role of Science in the Uruguay Round and NAFTA Trade Disciplines, The

Series:
Environment and Trade
25 Aug 1995
The author, David A. Wirth, examines the increasingly important role of science in the structure and operation of international trade agreements. This paper analyzes and summarizes the relevant texts, including the original 1947 GATT, the Uruguay Round and the NAFTA texts on standards. It conside...
TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENTS OF HAZARDO

Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes at the Interface of Environment and Trade

Series:
Environment and Trade
11 Aug 1995
In 1989, environmental concerns led to the adoption of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. This publication outlines some of the facts about the international hazardous waste trade, addresses the issue in the context of sustainabl...
PROTECTING THE OZONE LAYER THROUGH

Protecting the Ozone Layer Through Trade Measures

Reconciling the Trade Provisions of the Montreal Protocol and the Rules of the GATT

Series:
Environment and Trade
11 Aug 1995
This paper provides an overview of the history of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, examines the necessity and effectiveness of the Protocol's trade measures and evaluates the measures for consistency with the trade rules of the General Agreement on Trade and Tarif...
SCIENCE RISK ANALYSIS & ENVIRO

Science, Risk Analysis and Environmental Policy Decisions

Series:
Environment and Trade
11 Aug 1995
Below the grand structural framework of anlyses there is an enormous amount which can be and is being done in the formalization and harmonization of tests, decision making procedures and the use and documentation of expert judgement. This paper addresses the uncertainties and imperfection of scie...
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE ON FISHERIES

Impacts of Climate on Fisheries, The

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
This volume summarizes the potential implications of climate change and variability on fisheries and on the societies that depend on them. It is based on a review of several fisheries case studies and on the responses of the fisheries industry to changes in the environment and other influences on...
POLLUTION OF LAKES & RESERVOIRS

Pollution of Lakes and Reservoirs, The

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
Good management of the world's freshwater resources depends on understanding their value and the major problems confronting them. This publication documents the state of the world's lakes and reservoirs and suggests ways of managing them better. This is the twelfth in the series on UNEP/GEMS Envi...
GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY

Global Biodiversity

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
Biodiversity describes the diversity of life on Earth encompassing all species of plants, animals and micro-organisms, their genetic material and the ecosystems of which they are part. This volume describes the three fundamental categories of global biodiversity - genetic diversity, species diver...
IMPACT CLIMATE CHANGE

Impact of Climate Change, The

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
This volume summarizes the current state of knowledge on climate change and its possible consequences. It draws together scientific research on the enhanced greenhouse effect, global warming and climate change; assesses possible impacts of climate change on human activities and natural ecosystems...
GLACIERS & THE ENVIRO

Glaciers and the Environment

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
Glaciers are important to the environmental health of the planet especially in the regulation of the Earth's heat balance. This volume presents the background and behaviour of glaciers, as they can be sensitive instruments for measuring climatic change and provide a frozen record of atmospheric c...
NINO PHENOMENON

El Niño Phenomenon, The

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
This technical document, written to be easily understood by those without technical qualifications, deals with the phenomenon of El Niño as it effects a reversal in the direction of winds and oceans currents, changes in ocean temperature and torrential rains and floods, drought and cyclones world...
IMPACT OZONE LAYER DEPLETION

Impact of Ozone-Layer Depletion, The

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
This volume deals with the effects of ozone depletion on human health and the environment, and outlines ways of reducing damage to the ozone layer. It discusses the effects of ultraviolet radiation on society such as skin cancer, eye disease and the impact on the ocean, plants and the air. Ozone-...
FRESHWATER POLLUTION

Freshwater Pollution

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
Polluted water has the potential for becoming a global threat. The GEMS assessment provides the first global picture of the state of much of the world's freshwater resources. It outlines the critical freshwater quality issues, proposes policy options and gives examples of control measures. This i...
CONTAMINATION OF FOOD

Contamination of Food, The

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
The data in this fifth volume in the series of the UNEP/GEMS Environment Library provide a picture of levels and trends of food contamination over much of the globe. Contaminants such as lead, cadmium, mercury, tin and other toxins are discussed as well as their effects on health and the economy....
URBAN AIR POLLUTION

Urban Air Pollution

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
The value of this volume is the summary of the GEMS/Air assessment on the levels and effects of five of the most common and ubiquitous air pollutants: sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, lead and suspended particulate matter. Data is drawn from 50 countries. This publication also p...
AFRICAN ELEPHANT, THE

African Elephant, The

Series:
UNEP/GEMS Environment Library
11 Aug 1995
This publication discusses the scientific background of the African elephant and the effect of the ivory trade on its endangered population. A chapter on the counting of elephants provides the reader with an understanding of how results, correlations and trends of elephant population are determin...
IRPTC LEGAL FILE 1994

IRPTC Legal File

International Environmental Guidelines and Global Conventions Concerning Chemical Substances

4 Oct 1996
This one-of-a-kind reference book offers international environmental guidelines and global conventions related to the control of chemical substances in various environmental media such as: air, water, drinking water and waste. Information has been collected from four main sources: the United Nati...
GOVERNMENT STRATEGIES & POLICIES

Government Strategies and Policies for Cleaner Production

31 Mar 1995
Cleaner production is an evolving concept and experience of strategies and policies that have helped promote cleaner production is limited. This report offers guidance and information on the strategies and policies that governments and industries in developing countries can use towards cleaner pr...
ASPECTOS AMBIENTALES EN MINERIA

Aspectos Ambientales en Minería de Metales No Ferrosos (Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Au)

Series:
Informe Técnico
13 Jan 1995
Se trata de un informe técnico que presenta una visión general de la minería a pequeña y gran escala, así como su posible repercusión en el medio ambiente y las medidas para reducirla. Se señalan las posibles fuentes de productos contaminantes, así como los riesgos que crean el cierre de minas y ...
ENERGY SAVINGS IN THE TRANSPORT SE

Energy Savings in the Transport Sector

Series:
UNEP IE/PAC Technical Report
15 Dec 1995
While all modes of transport have environmental impacts, by far the most important is road transport which carries 70% of all goods and people. This publication examines transport systems, focusing particularly on road transport. It discusses trends and highlights the increasing role of road tran...
CLEANER PROD ASIA PACIF ECON COOP

Cleaner Production in the Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation Region

19 May 1995
The theory behind cleaner production is simply a preventative approach to environmental protection. This publication discusses the efforts being made towards cleaner production in countries of the APEC region by large and small industries. A sequel to 'Cleaner Production Worldwide', it shows how ...