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UNEP

UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment. To accomplish this, UNEP works with a wide range of partners, including United Nations entities, international organizations, national governments, non-governmental organizations, the private sector and civil society.

United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations Environment Programme
TOURISM & LOCAL AGENDA 21

Tourism and Local Agenda 21

The Role of Local Authorities in Sustainable Tourism

8 Aug 2003
This document is aimed at local authorities who wish to understand more about how the Local Agenda 21 (LA 21) approach can be used to strengthen the management and development of sustainable tourism in their area and to integrate tourism with sustainable development. The following topics are cove...
GROUNDWATER & ITS SUSCEPTIBILITY

Groundwater and Its Susceptibility to Degradation

A Global Assessment of the Problem and Options for Management

8 Aug 2003
This publication provides an overview of groundwater occurrence and of the main issues affecting its quantity and quality. It explains how the resource is used in cities and rural areas, in industry, mining, and agriculture, and how it sustains many of our wetlands while becoming an integral part...
MONTREAL PROTOC SUBST THAT DEPLETE

Report of the Halons Technical Options Committee (ATOC)

2002 Assessment

Series:
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
8 Aug 2003
This Report reveals efforts of the Halons Technical Options Committee (HTOC) to identify, develop and test alternatives that can used in place of the halons. Under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete The Ozone Layer, the use of halons is being phased out in industries such as: mercha...
MONTREAL PROTOC SUBST THAT DEPLETE

Report of the Aerosols, Sterilants, Miscellaneous Uses and Carbon Tetrachloride Technical Options Committee (ATOC)

2002 Assessment

Series:
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
8 Aug 2003
In response to the scientific consensus that chlorofluorocarbons and halons deplete the ozone layer, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) enacted the Montreal Protocol as the principal legal document to authorize the fight to reduce the production of substances that deplete the ozone l...
MONTREAL PROTOC SUBST THAT DEPLETE

Report of Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP)

2002 Assessment

Series:
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
8 Aug 2003
The Report of the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel 2002 (TEAP) contains executive summaries from six Panel Technical Options Committees. The committee summaries included cover aerosols, sterilants and miscellaneous uses, rigid and flexible foams, halons, methyl bromide, refrigeration and ...
RPT SOLFVENTS COATING & AHDE 2002

Report of the Solvents, Coatings and Adhesives Technical Options Committee (STOC)

2002 Assessment

Series:
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
8 Aug 2003
Report of the Solvents and Adhesives Technical Options Committee (STOC) 2002 provides the progress report and status of efforts by this committee to phase out the use of solvents, coatings and adhesives that contribute to the depletion of the ozone layer. Where applicable information on new alter...
MONTREAL PROTOC SUBST THAT DEPLETE

Report of the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps Technical Options Committee (RTOC)

2002 Assessment

Series:
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
8 Aug 2003
In the last decade, the refrigeration, airconditioning and heat pump industries, have made tremendous technical progress in compyling with the Montreal Protocol by phasing out chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). This Report of the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps Technical Options Committee...
MONTREAL PROTOC SUBST THAT DEPLETE

Report of the Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee (MBTOC)

2002 Assessment

Series:
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
8 Aug 2003
The Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee (MBTOC) was established by parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer to identify existing and potential alternatives to methyl bromide (MB). This 2002 Assessment reports on MB usage, the quantities produced and consu...
VITAL CLIMATE GRAPHICS AFRICA

Vital Climate Graphics

Africa - The Impacts of Climate Change

8 Aug 2003
This document uses graphics to illustrate how climatic factors such as surface temperature, sea level and global warmth, impact water, health and food in the African community. The colorful graphics are part of a series coordinated by GRID-Arendal, to turn complex scientific information into easy...
INDUSTRY & ENV VOL 26 NO 1 2003

Industry and Environment

8 Aug 2003
Covering today's most topical and volatile issues, Industry and Environment focuses on the research undertaken by government officials, industry managers, scientists, and representatives of non-governmental organizations. Each quarterly issue reprints articles in which research findings, experime...
WORLD ATLAS OF BIODIVERSITY EARTH

World Atlas of Biodiversity

Earth's Living Resources in the 21st Century

9 May 2003
This World Atlas addresses the remarkable growth in concern at all levels for living things and the environment and the increased appreciation of the links between the state of ecosystems and the state of humankind. The book outlines some of the broad ecological relationships between humans and t...
DESK STUDY THE ENVIRO IN IRAQ

Desk Study on the Environment in Iraq

8 Aug 2003
Lessons learned from earlier conflicts indicate that environmental consequences in Iraq must be addressed as soon as possible to avoid further deterioration of humanitarian and environmental conditions. This publication provides an overview of chronic and war-related environmental issues and iden...
RESTRICTIONS ON THE TRANSBOUNDARY

Restrictions on Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes (2000)

Series:
Basel Convention Series
16 Jan 2004
This publication compiles information on the key restrictions to the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes, reported by parties to the Secretariat of the Basel Convention in 2002. The information is taken from the questionnaire entitled “Transmission of Information”, which w...
NATL RPT UNDER BASEL 2000 P1

National Reporting under the Basel Convention

Compilation - Status of Information

Series:
Basel Convention Series
30 Apr 2004
This publication contains nationally reported information for countries that are parties to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. The data is for the year 2000 and covers information such as designation of competent authority and fo...
COMPILATION CNTY FACT SHEETS 2000

Compilation of Country Fact Sheets (2000)

Series:
Basel Convention Series
16 Jan 2004
The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (1989) is a global international treaty on hazardous and other wastes. It sets rules for controlling the transboundary movements and disposal of hazardous and other wastes. This compilation of co...
INTERIM GUIDELINES ON THE HAZARDOU

Interim Guidelines on the Hazardous Characteristics H12-ecotoxic

Series:
Basel Convention Series
16 Jan 2004
This paper defines the criteria for establishing the ecotoxicological hazard of wastes. The ecotoxicological impact of a chemical substance or waste is measured by its ability to act toxically on organisms in the environment as well as on exposure of the organisms. For this reason, the classifica...
UNEP ANNUAL RPT 2002

UNEP Annual Report 2002

Environment for Development

9 May 2003
This report reviews the efforts of the United Nations Environment Protection Agency (UNEP) over the past year to achieve its principal objectives including promotion of coherent environmental governance, carrying out assessments of environmental conditions and threats, and keeping environmental p...
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L'Avenir de l'Environnement en Afrique

Le Passé, le Présent et les Perspectives d'Avenir

14 Mar 2003
L'avenir de l'environnement en Afrique (AEO) constitue un outil exceptionnel fournissant une analyse sur l'état de l'environnement au cours des 30 dernières années, sur les forces agissantes derrière les modifications de l'environnement et leurs conséquences sur le développement économique et so...
INTEGR ASSESS IMPACT TRADE SENEGAL

Integrated Assessment of Trade Liberalization and Trade-related Policies

A Country Study on Fisheries Sector in Senegal

14 Mar 2003
In Senegal, fishing has become an essential component of national development. The fishing industry is the countries leading foreign exchange earner, provides jobs to over 600,000 people, and meets an important portion of the population’s protein needs. However, the over exploitation of the coun...
INDUSTRY & ENV VOL 25 NO 3-4 2002

Industry and Environment

6 Jun 2003
Covering today's most topical and volatile issues, Industry and Environment focuses on the research undertaken by government officials, industry managers, scientists, and representatives of non-governmental organizations. Each quarterly issue reprints articles in which research findings, experime...
GDLNS FOR THE INTEGRATED MANAGE

Guidelines for the Integrated Management of the Watershed

Phytotechnology and Ecohydrology

Series:
Freshwater Management Series
14 Mar 2003
The concept of Ecohydrology and its scientific foundations were developed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). They are based on the manipulation of biota, landscape and hydrology so that they may augment the ecosystem’s resilience to change, while at...
INTEGR ASSESS IMPACT TRADE TANZANI

Integrated Assessment of Trade Liberalization and Trade-related Policies

A Country Study on the Forestry Sector in Tanzania

14 Mar 2003
This study reveals how the implementation of trade liberalization and related policies in the forestry sector of Tanzania have challenged the country’s ability to take advantage of the opportunities offered, and at the same time counter the negative forces of trade liberalization. The positive i...
INTEGR ASSESS IMPACT TRADE ARGENTI

Integrated Assessment of Trade Liberalization and Trade-related Policies

A Country Study on the Argentina Fisheries Sector

14 Mar 2003
This study details how trade liberalization implemented along with structural adjustment policies in Argentina in the 1990s, led to unprecedented growth in the country’s fish industry. It indicates the positive, as well as negative impacts of this growth on Argentina's environment,economy and so...