Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series

ASSESSING REGIONAL TRADING

Assessing Regional Trading Arrangements in the Asia-Pacific

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
16 Nov 2001
Using both a gravity model to consider the natural trading bloc hypothesis and simulation using a computer generated equilibrium (CGE) model to make welfare estimates, this publication examines the potential effect of a subset of the new regional trading arrangement (RTA) proposal in the Asia Pac...
IS THERE EFFECTIVELY A LEVEL PLAYI

Is There Effectively a Level Playing Field for Developing Country Exports?

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
29 Jun 2001
This publication investigates the extent to which progress in reducing impediments and distortions to trade has levelled the playing field for developing country exports. It also looks into whether, and how, critical measures and disparities in post- Uruguay Round practice are actually dealt with...
ANTI DUMPING & COUNTERVAIL PROC

Anti-dumping and Countervailing Procedures

Use or Abuse? Implications for Developing Countries

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
29 Jun 2001
Anti-dumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) measures have become popular substitutes for traditional trade barriers, which are gradually being reduced in the course of regional and multilateral trade liberalization. This publication analyzes the distribution, duration and final outcomes of AD and C...
IS THE EXPORT LED GROWTH HYPOTHESI

Is the Export-led Growth Hypothesis Valid for Developing Countries? A Case Study of Costa Rica

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
23 Feb 2001
The export-led growth hypothesis (ELGH) states that export growth is one of the key determinants of economic growth. This study goes beyond the traditional neoclassical theory of production by estimating an augmented Cobb-Douglas production function. The study tests the hypothesis by analyzing th...
INDUSTRIAL POLICY & THE WTO

Industrial Policy and the WTO

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
9 Feb 2001
This paper aims to review the objectives and instruments of industrial policy in a changing global context. It addresses such issues as: justification for industrial policy; importance of analytical framework; the use of different instruments for industrial policy; role of industrial policy in th...
TARIFFS TAXES & ELECTRONIC COMM

Tariffs, Taxes and Electronic Commerce

Revenue Implications for Developing Countries

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
26 Jan 2001
The most debated topic in electronic commerce today is whether and how to collect tariffs and taxes on cross-border electronic commerce. No national or international legislation has been put in place. This paper takes a closer look at this debate and emphasizes the consequences for developing cou...
E-COMMERCE WTO & DEV COUNTRIES

E-Commerce, WTO and Developing Countries

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
26 Jan 2001
Electronic commerce offers unprecedented opportunities to both developing and developed countries. This paper notes that in the long run, developing countries have more to benefit from electronic commerce. The publication discusses the policy issues e-commerce raises for the World Trade Organizat...
ASSESSING THE RESULTS GENERAL

Assessing the Results of General Equilibrium Studies of Multilateral Trade Negotiations

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
26 Jan 2001
This paper gives an assessment of the Uruguay Round (UR) four years after its implementation. The goal of this publication is to draw lessons on how to approach the assessment of the next round so that useful insights are extracted and misperceptions avoided. The paper offers an overview of the c...
WHAT CAN THE DEV CTRIES INFER

What Can the Developing Countries Infer from the Uruguay Round Models for Future Negotiations

Series:
Policy Issues in International Trade and Commodities Study Series
26 Jan 2001
This paper discusses the results from trade models executed towards the end of the Uruguay Round. The paper argues that there are substantial inconsistencies across model results. It also attempts to discuss what, if any, are the implications for the developing countries, and the possible ways in...