This publication provides insights of China’s forest products markets and its importance to the UNECE region. China’s forest sector has been developing rapidly in the past decade. It is now the largest manufacturer of forest products in the world. China is an important trading partner for the UNECE region. It imported most of its raw materials from countries in the UNECE region and exported the final products to them. The trade between China and the UNECE region is essential to both of their forest products markets. This publication contains information about China’s forest products markets, forest resources, policies and institutions. It provides a socio-economics context.