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UNIDIR Research Papers

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FISSILE MATERIAL CUT OFF DEBATE

Fissile Material Cut-Off Debate, The

A Bibliographical Survey

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
15 Nov 1996
In view of the topic's likely future importance, UNIDIR has accordingly chosen to produce the present bibliographical survey and source list. It will provide an access route for all interested parties, be they from the research or diplomatic communities, into a range of political sources on issue...
NATL THREAT PERCEPTIONS MIDDLE EAS

National Threat Perceptions in the Middle East

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
26 Jan 1996
Another publication in the important series of reseach/reports published by UNIDIR. The book will be of great use and interest to all those who wish to enhance peace and security through institutionalized consent rather than through physical coercion. An invaluable tool to all those working in th...
GUARDIAN SOLDIER THE NATURE & USE

Guardian Soldier, The

On the Nature and Use of Future Armed Forces

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
22 Dec 1995
Conducted under the auspicies of the United Nations or its regional organizations, the scope of missions given to armed forces is widening to include disaster relief, conflict prevention and a broad range of peace operations. However, the economic considerations are making it hard for nations to ...
SMALL ARMS & INTRA STATE CONFLICTS

Small Arms and Intra-state Conflicts

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
4 Oct 1996
This paper draws a rough sketch of the characteristics of small arms and identifies major trends in their manufacture, acquisition and trade. It also provides a global profile of armed conflicts occurring within States. After looking at the instances of linkage and coincidence between small arms ...
NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT & NON PROLIF

Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation in Northeast Asia

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
30 Jun 1995
Resolving the nuclear problems of countries will not be an easy task. This publication discusses nuclear disarmament and Non-Proliferation in the countries of Northeast Asia - their capabilities, policies and strategies. It also offers some policy options relevant to questions raised in the discu...
VERIFICATION FOR A COMPREHENSIVE

Verification of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty From Space

A Preliminary Study

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
5 May 1995
The desire to control further proliferation of nuclear weapons and to avoid more contamination of the environment remains a priority agenda item for many governments and concerned organizations. This publication examines the monitoring of nuclear tests in the atmosphere, space and underground.
HALTING THE PRODUCTION OF FISSILE

Halting the Production of Fissile Material for Nuclear Weapons

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
5 May 1995
The subject of an internationally agreed halt to the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons has recently resurfaced. This publication presents a collection of papers from experts in the field on the subject.
CTBT & BEYOND

CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) and Beyond

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
3 Mar 1995
In 1958 the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) came into effect. Limited in scope and easily monitored, it seemed to offer a good chance for getting the whole process started. This publication gives a look in retrospect and offers proposals. It also offers a comprehensive list of related books,...
RUSSIAN APPROACHES TO PEACEKEEPING

Russian Approaches to Peacekeeping Operations

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
11 Nov 1994
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the methods and means Russia could use in future peace-keeping operations. Looking at a 'larger picture', it assesses the problems inherent to such operations and also attempts to evaluate the potential for Russian-American collaboration in future peace-ke...
NATL SECURITY & DEFENCE POLICY

National Security and Defence Policy of the Lithuanian State

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
24 Jun 1994
Presents an historical overview of Lithuania and its return to independence. It discusses the regional situation and the problems of national security, district defence system and the establishment of Lithuania's armed forces, measures which could promote stability and confidence at the present s...
DEV RUSSIAN NATIONAL SECURITY

Development of Russian National Security Policies

Military Reform

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
25 Mar 1994
As Russia is slowly attempting to rebuild itself from the rubble left by the Soviet era, opportunities have opened for true reform of military and security policies. This research paper contributes to the understanding of the background and development of the new Russian Armed Forces. Annexes inc...
CRISIS IN THE BALKANS

Crisis in the Balkans

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
31 Dec 1993
Analyzes the instability and insecurity throughout Albania, Bulgaria, Romania and Yugoslavia after the demise of the communist rule. It discusses the history and origins of ethnic friction as well as present conflict situations and those that might arise in the future. Various sources of instabil...
MIGRATION & POPULAT CHANGE EUROPE

Migration and Population Change in Europe

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
19 Nov 1993
Europe is experiencing a dramatic population change. This publication explains the demographic trends and structures causing this phenomenon. It identifies who are migrating, to where they are migrating and the reasons why. Also discussed are the supply and demand side of immigrant labour, whethe...
INDEX TO THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONV

Index to the Chemical Weapons Convention

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
1 Oct 1993
This index serves as a quick means to find paragraphs in the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), an elaborate and complex multilateral disarmament treaty. Scholars, diplomats, scientists, politicians and the interested layperson will find this index of over 1000 topics and sub-topics dealt with in...
TECHNICAL PROBLEMS IN THE VERIFICA

Technical Problems in the Verification of a Ban on Space Weapons

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
15 Oct 1993
This publication discusses the potential uses of space-based weapons against air and ground targets; military and civilian activities; verification means available; the establishment and verification of limits and thresholds; the chemical HF laser; a pulsed-laser kill mechanism; verification of g...
PREVENTION OF GEOGRAPHICAL PROLIFE

Prevention of Geographical Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones and Zones of Peace in the Southern Hemisphere

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
6 Jan 1989
This study examines initiatives taken for the prevention of nuclear weapons in Antarctic, Latin America, South Pacific, South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. It compares similarities and differences among them and identifies the effective conditions. The comparative analysis offers a paradigm for fur...
CONFID BUILDING MEASURE WITH CSCE

Confidence-building Measures within the CSCE Process

Paragraph-by-paragraph Analysis of the Helsinki and Stockholm Regimes

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
6 Jan 1989
The first systematic commentary on all the provisions of both the Helsinki and Stockholm 'confidence-building measures' regime. Formal and informal proposals and statements made during the different negotiations are presented to clarify the meaning of agreed texts and wherever appropriate to indi...
REGIONAL SECURITY CONFIDENCE BUILD

Regional Security and Confidence-building Processes

The Case of Southern Africa

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
21 May 1993
This study looks back into the legacy of colonialism in the ten geographically contiguous countries generally known as Southern Africa, the post-colonial factors of apartheid and destabilization and looks forward to the changes of the 1990s in the international arena and how it will affect the re...
ACCESS OUTER SPACE TECHNO

Access to Outer Space Technologies

Implications for International Security

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
14 May 1993
Technological conquests in outer space and the potential implication for international security has demanded a forum for the discussion of priorities, confidence-building measures in outer space activities and the use of technologies. This publication offers an analytical survey by country, of de...
UKRAINE

Ukraine's Non-nuclear Option

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
5 Feb 1993
On 14 January 1992, Leonid Kravchuk, Ukraine's President reiterated that Ukraine has no need for nuclear capable men-of-war. The Ukraine with the third largest nuclear capability in the world initiated the first instances of denuclearization. This publication discusses the Ukraine's non-nuclear a...
NON PROLIFERATION TREATY HOW REMOV

Non-proliferation Treaty, The

How to Remove the Residual Threats

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
29 Jan 1993
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in force in 1970 suffers from several weaknesses. This paper discusses the weaknesses that must be overcome to remove the residual threats to its survival. It describes the status of the implementation of the NPT; nuclear safeguards; sa...
SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 687 OF

Security Council Resolution 687 of 3 April 1991 in the Gulf Affair

Problems of Restoring and Safeguarding Peace

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
23 Oct 1992
Resolution 687 adopted on 3 April 1991 by the Security Council, is a veritable legal monument. Its purpose was to put an end to the international conflict stemming from the occupation and annexation of Kuwait, a Member State of the United Nations, by Iraq, another Member State. This publication o...
IMPLICATIONS OF IAEA INSPECTIONS

Implications of IAEA Inspections Under Security Council Resolutions 687, The

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
28 Aug 1992
This publication evaluates the first six inspections under resolution 687 and the possible consequences for the safeguards system of the IAEA in Iraq and for the control system of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. It also deals with the debates on the improvement of nuclear ...
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY:  BETWEEN C

Science and Technology

Between Civilian and Military Research and Development

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
1 Jan 1992
This paper focuses on the human and material resources directed to civilian and military research and development and attempts to show the symbiotic relationship between the two.
3RD REVIEW THE BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS

Third Review of the Biological Weapons Convention, The

Issues and Proposals

Series:
UNIDIR Research Papers
2 Aug 1991
This research paper deals with the Third Convention as well as the First and Second on issues such as scope of obligations, verification and complaints procedures, confidence-building measures and cooperation in the peaceful issues of biological agents.