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Human Development Report

Regional - The Roma in Central and East Europe, Avoiding the Dependency Trap

  • Author: UNDP
  • Publication date: April 2003
  • Page count: 136
  • Language(s) in this book: English
  • Sales number: 03.III.B.4

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About the product

Across Central and Eastern Europe, a disturbingly high number of the Roma population, in some cases as high as seventy percent, derive their income primarily from state transfers (child allowances, unemployment benefits, and pensions). Because of poor health standards and low education amongst the youth, Roma’s dependency on the state increased. Consequently, the socio-economic gap between Roma and the majority populations widened, provoking damaging social and political consequences. By analyzing the problem through the prism of human development, this Report explains why and how the dependency trap into which many Roma have fallen can be avoided. Arguing that integration does not have to mean assimilation, the Report indicates that Roma wish to integrate productively into the countries in which they live without losing their cultural identity. Finally, the report invites governments and the international community to address more effectively the development needs faced by Roma communities. Tables, graphs, and figures are included to help illustrate data.