About the product
Circular migration – a repetition of migration by the same person between two or more countries – is a topic of growing importance, on which information is needed for policy development. To meet this demand, there is a need to establish an international statistical definition of what circular migration is and how it can be measured and compared between different reporting countries.This publication presents the results of the work of the UNECE Task Force on Measuring Circular Migration in addressing this need, including a proposal for a common international statistical definition of circular migration. Key definitions of international migration statistics and already-existing definitions of circular migration are analyzed as are five dimensions of circular migration: repetition of move (frequency), directionality, duration, purpose or reason for move, and developmental impact. The report presents proposals for a statistical definition of circular migration while also identifying several important challenges in measuring circular migration, such as measuring short-term migration and measuring a series of events within a specific period as a single statistic. Practical applications of the proposed definitions are presented with examples from Italy and Sweden.