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UNU/WIDER Working Papers

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IMF MODEL & RESOURCE ABUNDANT

IMF Model and Resource-abundant Transition Economies, The

Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
13 Oct 2000
This publication examines economies of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan through the discussion of the IMF model of the economic transition. The publication demonstrates the flaws in the IMF model by pointing out slower economic recovery of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan than predicted. The paper explains how...
GUINEA BISSAU WAR RECONSTRUCTION

Guinea-Bissau

War, Reconstruction and Reform

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
13 Oct 2000
This publication discusses the political economy of the conflict that took place in Guinea-Bissau in 1998, the difficulties in negotiating its end, and the tasks that now face donors and national actors in creating a state capable of directing the development process. The volume focuses in partic...
NATURAL RESOURCES & ECON GROWTH

Natural Resources and Economic Growth

A Nordic Perspective on the Dutch Disease

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
13 Oct 2000
This publication offers a glance of the Nordic economies through the discussion of an economic condition known as the Dutch disease. The study argues that natural resource abundance may retard economic growth by reducing total exports and reducing investment in physical and human capital. Focusin...
RESOURCE-LED GROWTH: A LONG-TERM P

Resource-Led Growth

A Long-Term Perspective - The Relevance of the 1870-1914 Experience for Today's Developing Economies

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Sep 2000
The publication attempts to find out whether the 1870-1914 period was in some sense 'unique'; i.e. whether the success of the resource-rich economies during these years was built on a configuration of factors that is not likely to be replicated in future, or whether the episode contains lessons t...
DEV DISCONTINUITIES LEADER

Development Discontinuities

Leaders and Intermediaries in Producer's Associations

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Sep 2000
This publication addresses the question of economic development, by analyzing the experience of three associations of agricultural producers in the underdeveloped regions of Brazil and Italy that have made significant economic progress through co-operation. The paper analyzes under what condition...
MACROECONOMIC MODEL OF A DEVELOPIN

Macroeconomic Model of a Developing Country Endowed with a Natural Resource, A

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Sep 2000
This publication presents a short-run theoretical macroeconomic model of a small open economy endowed with a natural resource exporting sector. The paper attempts to differentiate between the economic development experience of East Asia and Latin America. The economy in the model here explained i...
KYRGYZSTAN CASE STUDY SOCIAL

Kyrgyzstan

A Case Study of Social Stratification

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Sep 2000
This publication analyzes the process of social stratification and the social structure emerging in Kyrgyzstan in the course of transition. Macroeconomic policies, privatization, agrarian reforms and changes in social security regime are considered as determinants of social stratification togethe...
ON THE REGULATION OF TELECOMMUNICA

On the Regulation of Telecommunications Markets

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Sep 2000
This paper discusses the theoretical concepts underlying recent developments in the regulation of telecommunications in Europe, the USA and developing countries with respect to efficiency and welfare. It focuses on analyzing standardization problems, pricing rules and entry condition related to n...
INEQUALITY IN INCOMES AND ACCESS T

Inequality in Incomes and Access to Education

A Cross-Country Analysis

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Oct 1999
This publication presents a discussion on the relationship between inequality in income distribution and growth focusing on one of the possible links - the access to education. It presents a formal model that shows how the imperfection of financial markets makes educational choices dependent on t...
ECONOMIC THEORIES OF THE HOUSEHOLD

Economic Theories of the Household

A Critical Review

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Oct 1999
This publication reviews the principal assumption and aspects of unitary household model and collective models of household behaviour. Empirical studies are presented to assess whether the theories offer adequate descriptions of household behaviour and to examine the types of policy implications ...
RISING WEALTH INEQUALITY AND CHANG

Rising Wealth Inequality and Changing Social Structure in Rural China

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Oct 1999
This publication notes that a new system of social stratification is emerging in rural China in the wake of economic reforms - one that is far less equal than what preceded it. Its discussion surrounds total and rural income, rural wealth, distribution of occupations and the relative position of ...
LIBERALIZATION GLOBALIZATION AND

Liberalization, Globalization and Income Distribution

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Oct 1999
Recent mainstream analyzI of changes in income distribution over the post World War II period have concluded that income inequality within countries tends to be stable; that there is no strong association between growth and inequality; and that poverty is best reduced through growth-oriented, rat...
WAGE REFORM SOFT BUDGET CONSTRAINT

Wage Reform, Soft Budget Constrains and Competition

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Oct 1999
Since the beginning of the Chinese economic reforms in 1978, there has been a series of efforts to reform the labour compensation practice in state-owned enterprises to strengthen the link between pay and productivity. This paper studies the effects of institutional factors on labour compensation...
GROUP BEHAVIOUR AND DEVELOPMENT

Group Behaviour and Development

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
15 Oct 1999
Evidence suggests that some groups perform well from the perspective of efficiency, equity and well-being, while others perform poorly. This publication presents an analysis of group behaviour, identifying the main causes for different outcomes.
WEIGHTLESS ECONOMY IN ECONOMIC DEV

Weightless Economy in Economic Development, The

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
17 Sep 1999
Can the increasing significance of knowledge-products in national income - the growing weightless economy - influence economic development? This publication analyzes a model embodying such a reduction. The model shows how demand-side attributes - consumer attitudes on complex goods; training, edu...
COSTA RICA: POLICIES AND CONDITION

Costa Rica

Policies and Conditions for Export Diversification

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
17 Sep 1999
Providing important lessons for developing and transition economies, this publication is a study of the capacity and adaptability of Costa Rica to increase its exports effectively. It surveys de-regulation, infrastructure investment, incentives and other integral areas that would carry Costa Rica...
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND ECONOMI

Information Technology and Economic Development

An Introduction to the Research Issues

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
17 Sep 1999
There is substantial evidence that new information technologies are in many ways transforming the operation of modern economies. However, more research is needed before firm policy conclusions can be drawn for economic development. This study presents a discussion on the research issues.
COMPUTERS AND LABOUR MARKETS: INTE

Computers and Labour Markets

International Evidence

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
17 Sep 1999
The rapid diffusion of computers has changed the consequences of computer use on the labour market. This study reviews the empirical evidence on the relation between computer use and labour market outcomes. It examines the relation between the broadening use of computers on one side and wages, sk...
UNEMPLOYMENT LABOUR POLICIES AND H

Unemployment, Labour Policies and Health in Transition

Evidence from Kazakhstan

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
17 Sep 1999
This analytical study, which presents a wealth of information on unemployment, morbidity and mortality in Kazakhstan, confirms that there is a close association between unemployment and health status. It provides important information for those who are framing policies in this area.
STATE-OWNED VERSUS TOWNSHIP AND VI

State-Owned Versus Township and Village Enterprises in China

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
17 Sep 1999
This study presents a survey of the comparison between state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and township and village enterprises (TVEs) in China. It also discusses the need for both SOEs and TVEs to reform their ownership and governance structures.
ROLE OF KNOWLEDGE AND CAPITAL IN E

Role of Knowledge and capital in Economic Growth, The

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
17 Sep 1999
Starting from the celebrated neoclassical (Solow) model of economic growth, this publication discusses new ideas in growth theory focusing on how to make sustained growth feasible. It reviews models that broadened the notion of capital to include human capital and the state of technology. The pub...
COMPUTERS AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN F

Computers and Economic Growth in Finland

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
17 Sep 1999
This publication examines the effect of computer technology on Finnish economic growth between 1983 and 1996, shedding light into the famous productivity paradox. It assesses the contribution of computer hardware, software and labor, to gross and net output growth using the neoclassical growth ac...
VIET NAM: TRANSITION AS A SOCIALIS

Viet Nam

Transition as a Socialist Project in East Asia

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
5 Feb 1999
In analyzing Viet Nam's recent economic adjustments, this publication discusses that country's macroeconomic instability and the evolution of privatization and industrial policy. It also addresses the applicability of the East Asian public-private sector relationship to Viet Nam's subsequent deve...
PROVISION OF HEALTH CARE AND EDUCA

Provision of Health Care and Education in Transitional Asia

Key Issues and Lessons from Vietnam

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
20 Nov 1998
This publication examines the impact of the transition to a market economy on health and education in transitional Asia, with particular focus on Vietnam. Several lessons emerge from the empirical evidence examined. It is part of an applied research and policy series on structural changes affecti...
SOUTH-NORTH CHALLENGES IN GLOBAL F

South-North Challenges in Global Forestry

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
20 Nov 1998
South-North Challenges in Global Forestry addresses the types of transitions operating in global forestry and evaluates the significance of trends. The publication is part of an applied research and policy analysis series on structural changes affecting the developing and transitional economies.
EXPORT PERFORMANCE IN CHILE: LESSO

Export Performance in Chile

Lessons from Africa

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
20 Nov 1998
This study looks at the performance of exports in Chile for the period 1960-1995. It identifies the main trends in the growth of exports and attempts to assign responsibility to various factors for export performance. Export Performance in Chile also addresses the role of trade liberalization. Th...
RISE AND FALL OF DEVELOPMENT AID,

Rise and Fall of Development Aid, The

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
20 Nov 1998
This study re-examines the rationale for development aid; revisits the development debate that accompanied its growth; and draws conclusions for aids' performance which may influence the future. The publication is part of an applied research and policy analysis series on structural changes affect...
WAR HUNGER AND DISPLACEMENT: AN EC

War, Hunger and Displacement

An Econometric Investigation into the Sources of Humanitarian Emergencies

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
20 Nov 1998
War, Hunger and Displacement uses econometric methods and case-study evidence to examine the political economy of complex humanitarian emergencies, multidimensional crises characterized by warfare, state violence, disease, hunger and displacement. The publication is part of an applied research an...
HEALTH STATUS AND HEALTH POLICY IN

Health Status and Health Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

A Long-Term Perspective

Series:
UNU/WIDER Working Papers
20 Nov 1998
Health Status and Health Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa discusses the main changes in infant, child and maternal mortality which have occurred over the period 1960-1995. It also analyses the main factors responsible for the observed shifts in health trends. The publication is part of an applied res...